PERUBAHAN TENSE KETIKA MENGGUNAKAN REPORTING SPEECH
Biasanya, tenses dalam report speech adalah salah satu tense back in time dari tense dalam direct speech:
Juanita said, “I am happy.” = Juniata said that she was happy.
|Phrase in Direct Speech||Equivalent in Reported Speech|
|Simple present||Simple past|
|“Jerry always eat bubble gum”, Tom said||They said that Jerry always eat bubble gum.|
|Present continuous||Past continuous|
|“Somad is walking on the alley”, Nipon argued.||Nipon argued that Somad was walking on the alley|
|Simple past||Past perfect|
|“Many Children sank at the river last month”, Marwan said.||Marwan said that Many children was sunk at the river last month.|
|Present perfect||Past perfect|
|“Jerry has been to Jakarta”, they told me.||They told me that they had been to Jakarta.|
|Past perfect||Past perfect|
|“Geremy had just burned out the paper,” Guramy said.||Guramy said that Geremy had just burned out the paper.|
|Present perfect continuous.||Past perfect continuous|
|Parman told Samsu, “hendi have been playing video game for hours”.||Parman told Samsu that Hendi had been playing video game for hours.|
|Past continuous||Past perfect continuous|
|“Supramono was leaving his mother in jail”, His father told me.||His mother told Sangkuni that Supramono had been leaving his mother in jail.|
|“Ikhwan will be in Ulubelu on Sunday”, Mukhlis said.||Mukhlis said that Ikhwan would be in Ulubelu on Sunday.|
|Future continuous.||Conditional continuous|
|Rumano said, “Suty will be cooking the cake tomorrow”.||Rumano said that Suty would be cooking the cake tomorrow.|
Kita tidak perlu mengubah tense jika reporting verbnya ada dalam bentuk present, atau jika pernyataan aslinya adalah tentang sesuatu yang masih benar, misalnya
- Jerry says he has missed the bus but he’ll catch the next one.
- Somebody explained that it is very difficult to find our office.
Might, could, would, should, ought to. Modal verbs ini tidak berubah dalam kalimat bentuk report speech
- Jerry explained, “It could be easy to find Bang Jarwo’s House.” = I explained that it could be easy to find Bang Jarwo’s house.
- Adit said, “I might bring our family to Ulubelu.” = Adit said that he might bring their family to Ulubelu.